Top 5 Categories Of Crops In Agriculture Production In India

Agriculture is the most extended area or industry in India, and it creates many employment numbers in the country. In India, every state or every city has different weather, geography, and soil for farming. Therefore, many varieties of crops are grown in a country. 

A farmer knows how many crops they can grow according to the weather. Farming is the origin of their income in which they are born and continue their legacy. Good farming is a status symbol for farmers, such as a luxury life for a big and rich man. Good farming and good crops give a boost to farmers and also a good income. 

Just as a farmer needs more suitable land, weather, and soil for his farm, he also needs a medium to move his crop from one place to another and better his farmland. But, like a tractor, sometimes a farmer gets a little tense because they do not have enough money to buy a better tractor, so we have come with the Mahindra Tractor, which improves farmer’s fields and their transport. And also can provide a good income.

Therefore, we want to make you aware more about agricultural production and its crop categories.

Indian crops divide into 4 categories:

  • Food Grains
  • Seeds and Pulses 
  • Vegetables 
  • Fruits

Here we are going to divide these 4 crop categories into many subcategories.

Food Grains

There are many food grains categories, but here we are describing 2 varieties.


Wheat is the second most food seed grown in India. To produce wheat, the rabi season proves an ideal time. Some components included to increase wheat production are better seeds, suitable water supply usage, and manures and fertilizers.

In India, wheat crops are grown in those regions which receive a rain of 75 cm. These regions should also have productive land or soil. Uttar Pradesh has the rank first in terms of wheat production.


In terms of the food grain crop production, rice is the main crop, and because of rice, our country holds the second most positions all over the world. Rice crop or production of rice covers around 34% of the whole cropped territory of the country.

In India, rice crops are grown in those regions that receive 125 cm every year. And the average temperature of the rice production place should be 23℃.

In India, rice is grown mainly in the eastern and western shoreline areas, Northeast India, and the drainage basin of the river Ganga. In addition, there are some vital rice production states in India.

  • Punjab
  • West Bengal
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu and many more.

Make better cultivation and grow as very productive. In a survey, we get to know farmers use many tractors but mainly, they prefer Kubota Tractor for effective farming. It provides better satisfaction and completely lives up to their expectations.

Seeds and pulses

There are many Seeds and pulses varieties, but here we are describing 2 types.


Pulses are the seeds which we can eat, and it comes in varieties of shapes, sizes and colours. The United Nations foods and agriculture organization recognizes many pulses like dry beans, dry peas, chickpeas, pigeon peas and lentils etc.  

Pulses keep us very healthy and provide nutrition as well as it is easy to cook. In addition, the pulse crops help to decrease gases, increase soil health and consume less water than other crops.

Cotton seeds

Cotton is one of the essential fibre and crops as well in India and in the entire world. It plays a significant role in the agriculture and textile industry of the country. Around 40-50 million people are employed, and approximately 6 million farmers got a better livelihood by cotton production in India. Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton. Apart from Gujarat, It is grown on a large scale in India like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.


There are many Vegetable varieties, but here we are describing 2 types.


Lemon is an essential fruit crop. Lemon is one of the most critical categories of citrus. Mainly it is known for its pulp and juice in the world. In India, the production of lemon is done in around 923 thousand hectares with an annual production of 8608 thousand metric tons. In Punjab, lemon production covers 39.20 hectares of land.

Okra (Bhindi)

Okra, known as ladies fingers, is a flowering plant. Okra is a good vegetable that is filled with many good minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and fibre. It is grown in warmer temperature areas and very easy to grow.


There are many Fruit varieties, but here we are describing 2 types. 


Coconut is a tropical fruit plant that grows on a large scale in both low and subtropical areas. In India, coconut trees are grown in the entire coastal region. Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are the largest producers of coconut. Apart from Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, It is grown on a large scale in India like Goa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa. It is used for many purposes like desiccated copra, coconut water, cream flour, oil, cake etc.


Banana is one of the most essential and economical fruit crops in India. It covers 20% of the area from the total area under many crops in India. Banana is a tropical crop that grows well in the temperature range of 15℃ – 35℃ with humidity of 75% – 85%.

So, these were the crop categories. We hope this would be relevant information about crops. For more important data about crops or agriculture, stay connected with Tractor Junction.

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