Tomatoes In India – Uses, Cultivation, Benefits And Varieties

Since summer is the most difficult season to live in, we have to deal with heat, bad health conditions and many other things which affect our life badly. Personally, I’m not too fond of summer, but I’ll handle summer with healthy summer foods, whether it’s a fruit or a veggie. And not only me, many people don’t like summer, but with healthy foods, they can withstand summer. I hope you are one of them. 

India has a huge food market that involves many, many healthy foods, summer foods, etc. And today, we talk about such healthy summer juicy food called tomato. I like tomatoes, and I know many people like me are too fond of tomatoes. Indian foods are incomplete without tomatoes, whether it’s a cuisine, meal, dish, anything that is not good in taste until tomatoes are added. Tomatoes are one of those foods that come with a very rare combination of healthy and delicious. And this is the root cause of his fame. Therefore, today this blog is completely dedicated to this healthy and incredible veggie or fruit, tomato. 

Here in this blog, we provide information about different varieties of tomatoes that surprised you. So, to be surprised, stay with this blog till the end! 

About Tomatoes & Its Use 

Tomatoes originate from Southern or Central America, used as vegetables. But now, this juicy tomato is cultivated throughout the world due to its high demand. The botanical name of tomato fruit is Solanum Lycopersicum. Tomatoes are a fruit that nutritionists consider a vegetable. Botanically, a fruit is a ripe flower ovary and contains seeds. Thus, tubers, roots, flowers, stems, leaves, buds, and some vegetable fruits, including pumpkins, green beans and tomatoes, all considered by nutritionists to be vegetables. 

People eat these foods in both cooked and raw forms. It consumed on a vast scale. Almost all type of cuisine in the world uses it as a primary and secondary ingredient. In addition, they are processed industrially in the making of soups, sauces, purees, chutneys and pickles. 

Tomatoes Cultivation In India

In India, tomatoes have a massive demand as almost every person eats them. Some common Indian names for tomatoes are Tamatar, Tomato, Tametam, Tameto, Takkali, Tomatoes, Tomatoes. From the agricultural point of view, tomatoes rank 3rd highest cultivated crops in the world. India is the 4th largest producer of tomatoes. Some central tomato-producing states are Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and many more. Among all of them, Andhra Pradesh is the largest tomato producer in the country. 

Do You Want To Cultivate Tomatoes? 

If yes, here tell you about some significant requirements and points which are essential during tomato farming. I hope it will help you while growing tomatoes in India. Summer is the best time to grow tomatoes because it is a warm-season crop. So, in summer, growing tomatoes is relatively easy, mainly grown from March to June. From 21-24°C is the ideal temperature to grow tomatoes. However, in some regions of India, summers get hot. In that case, tomatoes can also be cultivated indoors. And for commercial cultivation, a greenhouse is the best way to grow them. Along with this, the Indo Farm tractor is an excellent option for cultivating tomatoes. 

Benefits of Tomatoes 

Following are the advantages of tomatoes:- 

  • Keep heart healthy 
  • Prevent cancer
  • Keep skin healthy 
  • Rice source of vitamin C, potassium, folate, and vitamin K
  • Good for hair
  • Good for bones
  • Repair of smoke damage
  • Great antioxidant

Top 6 Tomato Varieties In India 

Following are the varieties of Summer tomatoes that are healthy for all. 

  1. Pusa Hybrid 

The first variety on the list is the Pusa hybrid. IARI, New Delhi, introduce this summer tomato variety. It can quickly grow in hot and humid temperatures and temperatures up to 30-35°C ideal for it. This tomato variety has shiny and thick skin and is round. So, you can grow this tomato easily on your farm. 

  1. Pusa Ruby 

The second one on the list is Pusa Ruby. Again, IARI, Delhi develops this variety. It is an average yielding variety of tomato, which must be a good choice for cultivation. During spring and summer, it is the best fruit for growing. It is suitable for both industrial and table purposes. 

  1. Arka Saurabh

The third variety on the list is Arka Saurabh. Horticultural Research, Bangalore, introduced this summer tomato variety. The identification of this summer variety is effortless because of its characteristic nipple at the apex. 

  1. Arka Abhijit

The fourth and last one on the list is Arka Abhijit. IIHR, Bangalore, introduces it. This summer variety is a great yielding variety of tomato. It is a medium-sized and red-green fruit that comes with thick pulp. The best aspect about this fruit is that it has a long shelf life, making it suitable for long-distance transport. 

We hope you are happy with this information about tomatoes, their benefits and varieties. For more information about such interesting and informative topics, stay tuned with us. 

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